Fave fashions of resistance movements and the revolutionary left

  1. shaved head (promoted by Rodchenko circa Russian Revolution)
  2. Phrygian cap, pantalons (trousers), la carmagnole (short jacket), sabots (clogs) of the Sans-Culottes circa French Revolution
  3. leather clothing (promoted by Sverdlov amongst the Bolsheviks pre-1917, they were sometimes refered to as the ‘Leatherites’)
  4. handkerchief code of the homosexual underground circa 20th century
  5. afro, black leather jacket, powder blue shirt, black pants, black shoes, black
    beret, and optional black gloves of the Black Panthers (promoted by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale)
  6. red bandana circa Spanish Civil War
  7. white helmets with a red line around the bottom and a large black ‘Z’, worn by the student activists in the Nihon Kakumeiteki Kyõsanshugisha Dõmei Kakumeiteki Marukusushugi-ha (Japan Revolutionary Communist League Revolutionary Marxist Faction) aka Kakumaru-ha.
  8. overalls (promoted by Stepanova after the Russian Revolution)
  9. Jungenschaftsjacke (also known as a juja or young stem jacket) of the Edelweiss Pirates circa German Third Reich
  10. red ribbons worn by activist Phillipinos at work in the late 1980s.
  11. sabots (clogs) of the ‘sabotteurs’ and pre-Luddites of 15th century Netherlands
  12. dyed red leather of the Red Sotnia (a faction in the Red Army during the Russian Revolution)
  13. kente cloth of American Black Nationalism
  14. membership card carried in the shoes of the Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies)
  15. Early geometric Bolshevik textiles (designed by Varvara Stepanova)
  16. Tute Bianche (Italian autonomists in the 90s, they wore white overalls to evoke the ‘ghosts’ that would haunt the ghost town police proposed to make of a squatted area).
  17. fustian jackets, worn by workers during the Chartist era in the 19th century as a symbol of their class allegiance.
  18. umbrellas (carried by pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong, the Umbrella Movement).
  19. orange felt hats (promoted by Orange Alternative, worn at anti-government protests in 1988 in the wake of the Solidarnosc/Solidarity uprising in Poland).
  20. raincoats (with ‘End Apartheid’ written on them, worn by British anti-apartheid activists during their long, ongoing protest in the 1980s).